Honoring the memory of THE Sir Charles Kuen Kao

What kind of person die, there would be so much news coverage,BBC NEWS,THE NOBEL PRIZE,UNIVERSITY OF LONDON,washington post,THE NEW YORK TIMES,DATACENTER DYNAMICS……?The death of this man caused a sensation all over the world

A lifetime of so much honor and accomplishment,Change the course of human history

3 Honours,25 Society and academy recognition,17 Honorary degrees,30 Awards,

5 Namesakes,151 references ,16 Others

Be known as:Fibre optics genius,Father of Fibre Optics,The masters of light,Godfather of Broadband,

Fiber optic pioneer……

He held citizenships in the United Kingdom and the United States,and was a permanent resident of Hong Kong.However, in an interview in 2000, he stated that he belongs and did not consider himself tied to any particular country nor ethnic group.In an open letter further declared "Charles [Kao] really does belong to the world! "

Yes,he is the Sir Charles Kuen Kao

Sir Charles Kuen Kao GBMBE FRS FREng. “I cannot think of anything that can replace fibre optics. In the next 1,000 years, I can’t think of a better system.”“But don’t believe what I say, because I didn’t believe what experts said either.” He said.


Charles K.Kao, February 1966, Optical fibre pioneer & 2009 Physics Nobel Prize

Fibre optics genius passes away,Speaking from a fibre optics conference in Rome, where 8,000 people held a minute's silence for Sir Charles on Tuesday, Mr Stewart said the scientist's findings "changed everything".

"He really enabled modern life," he said. "All the communications we use - from mobile phones to the internet - are down to Charlie Kao's fantastic observations.

"Without him, the world would be a very different place."



We’re saddened to report that Nobel Prize winner Sir Charles Kuen Kao (aka – “Father of Fibre Optics“), whom was jointly awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics for “ground-breaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibres for optical communication


The masters of light

Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded for two scientific achievements that have helped to shape the foundations of today’s networked societies. They have created many practical innovations for everyday life and provided new tools for scientific exploration. 



‘Godfather of Broadband’ Uniting the world through telecommunications – Sir Charles Kao

A legacy of revolutionising telecommunications through his work on fibre-optics, has been left by Nobel Prize winner, Sir Charles Kao GBM, KBE, FRS, FREng, who passed away on Sunday 23rd September 2018, aged 84.

Sir Charles, an alumnus of the University of London, was known as the ‘Godfather of Broadband’, following his ground-breaking research on fibre optics, which secured him the joint Nobel Prize for Physics in 2009.



It is with much regret that we record the passing of Sir Charles Kao.

Sir Charles Kao, the genius for whom the Kao Data Campus is named, passed away last Monday in Hong Kong, from complications arising from pneumonia. His loss has been widely reported on numerous channels including The Washington PostThe New York Timesthe BBCDatacenterDynamics and the Institute of Engineering & Technology.


Nobel laureate celebrated as father of fiber optics

Charles Kuen Kao, a researcher who perfected fiber optic communications in the 1960s, an advance that was credited with paving the way for the Internet and was honored with the Nobel Prize in physics, died Sept. 23 in Hong Kong. He was 84.

His death was announced by the Charles K. Kao Foundation for Alzheimer’s Disease in Hong Kong. Dr. Kao had been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s in 2002.

FROM washington post

Charles Kao, Nobel Laureate Who Revolutionized Fiber Optics, Dies at 84

Charles Kuen Kao doing an early experiment on optical fiber at the Standard Telecommunications Laboratory in Harlow, England, in the 1960s. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2009.HONG KONG — Charles Kuen Kao, a Nobel laureate in physics whose research in the 1960s revolutionized the field of fiber optics and helped lay the technical groundwork for the information age, died on Sunday in Hong Kong. He was 84.


Fiber optic pioneer Charles Kao passes away

Nobel laureate who helped build the foundations of the Internet dies at 84

Professor Charles Kuen Kao, the Nobel Prize-winning physicist who was instrumental in the creation of fiber optic cables, has died in Hong Kong at age 84.

His passing was announced by the Hong Kong-based Charles K. Kao Foundation for Alzheimer’s Disease, which Kao and his wife Gwen Kao founded in 2010. The foundation declined to specify the cause of death.


Sir Charles was known as the father of fibre optics, and won a joint Nobel Prize in Physics in 2009 for his groundbreaking achievements in that field.

A team building on his work created a world-leading fibre optic link between Hitchin and Stevenage in 1977 – which laid the groundwork for the infrastructure that gives us video streaming, social networks and more in the 21st century.


3 Honours

· 1993: A Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE).[78]

· 2010: A Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (KBE).[8][79]

· 2010: The Grand Bauhinia Medal (GBM), Hong Kong SAR.[7]

25 Society and academy recognition

· Life FellowInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, USA (1979 election)[80]

· Fellow, The Institution of Engineering and Technology, UK

· Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1997[5]

· Fellow,[4] The Royal Academy of Engineering,[4] UK (1989 election)

· Fellow, The Marconi Society, USA (1985 election)

· Honorary Fellow (1994 election) and former President, The Hong Kong Academy of Engineering Sciences (HKAES), Hong Kong[81][82]

· Distinguished Fellow, The Hong Kong Computer Society, Hong Kong (1989 election)[83][84]

· Honorary Fellow, The Hong Kong Institute of Engineers (1994 election)[85]

· Academician, Academia SinicaTaipei[86] (1992 election)

· Member, Optical Society of America, USA[87]

· Member, European Academy of Sciences and Arts, Austria

· Member, United States National Academy of Engineering (1990 election)[88]d[›]

· Foreign Member, Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, Sweden (1988 election)

· Foreign Member, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (1996 election)

· Fellow, Trumbull College of Yale University

· Honorary Fellow, The Queen Mary, University of London[89]

· Honorary Professor, Chinese University of Hong Kong (appointed in 1996)[90]

· Honorary Professor, Peking University, Beijing (appointed in 1995)

· Honorary Professor, Tsinghua University, Beijing (appointed in 1995)

· Honorary Professor, Beijing University of International Business and Economics, Beijing (appointed in 1995)

· Honorary Professor, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications (appointed in 1995)

· Chair Professor by special appointment, National Taiwan University, Taipei (appointed in 2003)[75]

· Honorary Professor (1997–2002), Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong[91]

· Lifetime Honorary Professorship, City University of Hong Kong (appointed on January 1, 2002)[91]

· Advisor of Macao Science and Technology Council[92]

17 Honorary degrees

· Honorary Doctor of Science, Chinese University of Hong Kong, British Hong Kong[93] (1985)

· Doctor of Science, The University of Sussex, U.K.[93] (1990)

· Doctor of Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan (1990)[94][95]

· Degree of Honorary Doctor, Soka University, Japan (1991)

· Doctor of Engineering, The University of Glasgow, U.K. (1992)

· Honorary DCLDurham University, U.K. (1994)[96]

· Doctor of the University, Griffith University, Australia (1995)

· Honorary degree in "Telecommunications engineering", University of Padua, Italy (Oct 18, 1996)[97]

· Doctor of Science, University of Hull, U.K. (1998)[98]

· Doctor of Science, Yale University, USA (1999)[99]

· Doctor of Science Honoris Causa, University of Greenwich, U.K. (2002)[35]

· Doctor of Science, Princeton University, USA (2004)[100]

· Honorary doctor of laws degree, University of Toronto, Canada (June 16, 2005)[101]

· Honorary Doctor, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, China (2007)

· Honorary Doctorate of Science, University College London, U.K. (2010)[102]

· Honorary Degree, University of Strathclyde, U.K. (Sep 24, 2010)[103]

· Doctor of Science honoris causaUniversity of Hong Kong, Hong Kong S.A.R., China (2011)[104]

30 Awards

Kao donated most of his prize medals to the Chinese University of Hong Kong.[78]

· 1976: The Morey Award, American Ceramic Society, USA.

· 1977: The Stuart Ballantine MedalFranklin Institute, USA.[78]

· 1978: The Rank Prize, Rank Trust Fund, UK.

· 1978: The IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award. Citation: "for making communication at optical frequencies practical by discovering, inventing, and developing the material, techniques and configurations for glass fiber waveguides and, in particular, for recognizing and proving by careful measurements in bulk glasses that silicon glass could provide the requisite low optical loss needed for a practical communication system".

· 1979: The L. M. Ericsson International Prize, Sweden.[78]

· 1980: The Gold Medal, AFCEA, USA.

· 1981: The CESASC Achievement Award, Southern California, USA.

· 1983: USAI Achievement Award, U.S.-Asia Institute, USA.[78]

· 1985: The IEEE Alexander Graham Bell Medal.[78]

· 1985: The Marconi International Scientist AwardMarconi Foundation, USA.

· 1985: The Columbus Medal of the City of Genoa, Italy.

· 1986: The CIE Achievement Award of the CIE-USA Annual Awards, USA.[105]

· 1987: The C & C Prize, Foundation for Communication and Computer Promotion, Japan.

· 1989: The Faraday MedalInstitution of Electrical Engineers, UK.[78]

· 1989: The James C. McGroddy Prize for New Materials, American Physical Society (APS). Citation: "for contribution to the materials research and development that resulted in practical low loss optical fibers, one of the cornerstones of optical communications technology".[106]

· 1992: The Gold Medal of the SocietySPIE.[107]

· 1995: The Gold Medal for Engineering Excellence, The World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO), UK.[78]

· 1996: The Prince Philip Medal of the Royal Academy of Engineering, UK;[78] in recognition of "his pioneering work which led to the invention of optical fibre and for his leadership in its engineering and commercial realisation; and for his distinguished contribution to higher education in Hong Kong".

· 1996: la Citta' di Padova, Italy.[78]

· 1996: The 12th Japan Prize.[78] Citation: "for pioneering research on wide-band, low-loss optical fiber communications".

· 1998: The International Lecture Medal, IEE, UK.[78][108]

· 1999: The Charles Stark Draper Prize[78] (co-recipient with Robert D. Maurer and John B. MacChesney), USA.

· 2001: Millennium Outstanding Engineer Award, Hong Kong.[78]

· 2006: The HKIE Gold Medal Award, HKIE (The Hong Kong Institute of Engineers), Hong Kong.[81][109]

· 2009: The Nobel Prize in Physics (1/2 of the prize), Sweden. Citation: "for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication".[110]

· 2009: The IEEE Photonics Society Plaque.[111]

· 2010 (Feb 27): Distinguished Science & Technology Award, 2010 Asian American Engineer of the Year Award, AAEOY 2010, USA.[112]

· 2010 (Mar 27): 2009/2010 World Chinese Grand Prize, Phoenix Television, Hong Kong.[113][114]

· 2010 (April 8/9): Chinese American Distinction Award, San Francisco, USA.[115]

· 20 Feb 2014: FTTH Operators Award and Individual Award[116]

5 Namesakes

The landmark auditorium in the Hong Kong Science Park has been named after Kao since December 30, 2009.

· The 3463 Kaokuen, discovered in 1981, named after Kao in 1996.

· 1996 (November 7): The north wing of the Chinese University of Hong Kong Science Centre has been named as Charles Kuen Kao Building.[90]

· 2009 (December 30): The landmark auditorium in the Hong Kong Science Park has been named after Kao – Charles K. Kao Auditorium.[117][118]

· 2010 (March 18): Professor Charles Kao Square, a square of the Independent Schools Foundation Academy[119]

· 2014 (September): Sir Charles Kao UTC (now known as BMAT STEM Academy) was opened[120]

16 Others

· Featured in Science Museum London.

· Hong Kong Affairs Adviser (May 1994 – June 30, 1997)[121][122]

· 1999: Asian of the Century, Science and Technology.[15][123]

· 2002: Leader of the Year – Innovation Technology Category, Sing Tao, Hong Kong.[78]

· October 21, 2002: Inducted into the Engineering Hall Of Fame, the 50th Anniversary Issue, Electronic Design.[124][125]

· January 3, 2008: Inducted into the Celebration 60British Council's 60th anniversary in Hong Kong.[126][127]

· November 4, 2009: Honorary Citizenship, and the Dr. Charles Kao Day in Mountain View, California, USA.[128]

· 2009: Hong Kong's Person of Year.[129]

· The Top 10 Asian Achievements of 2009 – No.7.[130]

· 2010 (February): Honoree, Committee of 100, USA.[115]

· The 2010 OFC/NFOEC Conferencese[›] were dedicated to Kao, March 23–25, San Diego, California, USA.[131][132][133]

· May 14–15, 2010: Two sessions were dedicated to Kao, The 19th Annual Wireless and Optical Communications Conference (WOCC 2010), Shanghai, P.R.China.[134][135]

· May 22, 2010: Inducted into the memento archive of the 2010 Shanghai World Expo.[136]

· Mid-2010: Hong Kong Definitive Stamp Sheetlet (No. 1), Hong Kong SAR.[137]

· March 25, 2011: Blue plaque unveiled in Harlow, Essex, UK.[138]

· 4 Nov 2014: Gimme Fibre Day on Kao's birthday, FTTH Councils Global Alliance[139]

Sir Charles Kuen Kao GBM KBE FRS FREng[6][7][8][9][10] (4 November 1933 – 23 September 2018) was a Hong Kong[11][12][13][14] electrical engineer and physicist who pioneered the development and use of fibre optics in telecommunications. In the 1960s, Kao created various methods to combine glass fibres with lasers in order to transmit digital data, which laid the groundwork for the evolution of the Internet. "Communication as we know it, including the Internet, would not exist without fiber optics", said William Wulf, president of the National Academy of Engineering in 1999.[15]

Known as the "Godfather of Broadband",[16] the "Father of Fibre Optics",[17][18][19][20][15] and the "Father of Fiber Optic Communications",[21][22] Kao was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics for "groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication".[23]