An Ethernet data cable has an outer sheath protecting the interior wires called a jacket. This jacket can come in many variations designed for different applications.
CMP: Communications, Plenum - can be installed in any space
CATVP: Cable TV Plenum
CL3P: Class 3 Plenum - for in-wall installation in plenum, riser and general spaces
CL2P: Class 2 Plenum - for in-wall installation in plenum, riser and general spaces
CMR: Communications, Riser
CATVR: Cable TV, Riser
CL3R: Class 3, Riser - for in-wall installation in riser and non-riser spaces
CL2R: Class 2, Riser - for in-wall installation in riser and non-riser spaces
CM or CMG: Communications
CATV: Cable TV
CL3: Class 3 - for in-wall installation in non-riser, non-plenum spaces
CL2: Class 2 - for in-wall installation in non-riser, non-plenum spaces
CMX: Communications, Outdoor
CATVX: Cable TV, Residential
CL3X: Class 3, Residential - for in-wall installation in non-riser, non-plenum spaces
CL2X: Class 2, Residential - for in-wall installation in non-riser, non-plenum spaces
HVAC stands for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. This term refers to an industry standard for how air is moved inside a building.
Plenum means the spaces usually occupied by the HVAC system, found above and below floors. This empty air space is commonly used for moving air around with or without a dedicated duct.
Riser means vertical, typically inside walls and between floors.
PVC (Polyvinyl chloride) is the material used in the majority of cable jackets. PVC is simply your typical vinyl.
Actually, Cat6 plenum cable is Cat6 CMP cable. The CMP cable (Communications Multipurpose Cable, Plenum) is the most demanding cable in the UL fire protection standard, the safety standard is UL910. This cable is designed to restrict flame propagation to no more than five feet and to limit the amount of smoke emitted during a fire. Therefore, the Cat6 plenum cable is suitable for installation into air plenum spaces. Normally, a Cat6 plenum cable jacket is made up of either a low-smoke polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or a fluorinated ethylene polymer (FEP).
When And Why Do You Need Cat6 Plenum Cables?
The Cat6 plenum cables are designed to provide pathways for return airflows of buildings, facilitating air circulation for heating and air conditioning systems. These Cat6 cables are typically used in the air return pressure boosting system used in ventilation ducts or air handling equipment (above a suspended ceiling or under a raised floor, for example). Since the fire and smoke can travel and spread quickly through these plenum spaces full of fresh oxygen, which may cause damage to the furniture and threaten people’s lives, the Cat6 plenum cables are essential to prevent the fire from spreading out.
Cat6 riser cable, also regarded as Cat6 CMR cable (Communications Multipurpose Cable, Riser), is the commercial-grade cable in the UL standard, applicable to the UL1666 safety standard. It is constructed to prevent fires from spreading floor to floor in vertical installations. Thus, it is generally used for floor vertical wiring. Unlike a Cat6 plenum cable, a Cat6 riser cable usually has a jacket covering made up from the relatively inexpensive polyvinyl chloride (PVC)
When And Why Do You Need Riser Cables?
From the introduction above, you may know that a riser cable is installed between floors in non-plenum areas. It is the primary conduit of a building’s distribution system, carrying voice, data, and video into the different spaces and levels of a building from the service entrance point.
CM is the most basic cable jacket rated for general use. CMP is higher rated than CMR. The most significant difference is that they are suitable for different situations with various types of airspace. Both CM and CMR cable jackets are made from relatively inexpensive polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Price and flexibility are the upsides of PVC, but the PVC material can release thick smoke and dangerous gases like hydrogen chloride in a fire. While CMP cable jacket is made from either a low-smoke polyvinyl chloride (PVC) or a fluorinated ethylene polymer (FEP). Since the jacket material requirement for CMP is stricter than that of CM and CMR, their fire resistance and application ranges are different. CM cables for general use can not replace CMR and CMP cables but both CMP and CMR Ethernet cables can be institutes of CM Ethernet cables. Ethernet cables with CMP jacket can always replace cables with CMR jacket, but CMR cable cannot replace CMP cable in plenum spaces.
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